For the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the fact of trying Hissène Habré in Africa constitutes an “unprecedented agreement between Senegal and the African Union and a historic example of regional leadership and the will to fight against impunity for international crimes ”. Questioned yesterday by “Le Soleil” on the fate of the victims and the possible consequences of the fight against impunity following the death, on August 24, in Dakar, of Hissène Habré, former President of Chad, Michelle Bachelet, specifies that the victims can be compensated. “It is important to remember that the death of Hissène Habré in no way constitutes an obstacle to the implementation of the trust fund and to the compensation of victims. On the contrary, this information reminds the States and competent regional entities of their responsibility towards the victims, within the framework of reparations, of the duty of memory and of guarantees of non-repetition ”, she affirms.
“On May 30, 2016, former Chadian President Hissène Habré was found guilty of crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture, including sexual violence and rape, by the Extraordinary African Chambers within Senegalese jurisdictions and sentenced to life imprisonment. On April 27, 2017, the Extraordinary African Chamber of Assizes of Appeal confirmed the verdict and ordered Habré to pay around 123 million euros in compensation to the victims, ”insists the High Commissioner for Human Rights. She recalls that on January 28 and 29, 2018, the African Union adopted the Statute for the Trust Fund for the benefit of the victims of the crimes of Hissène Habré, whose effective reparations are still awaited.
According to Ms. Bachelet, the victims of Hissène Habré and the human rights organizations that support them are continuing their struggle to obtain proper reparations. The High Commissioner for Human Rights welcomes the creation of this jurisdiction. “This unprecedented agreement between Senegal and the African Union is a historic example of regional leadership and the will to fight against impunity for international crimes,” she added. The trial began on July 20, 2015; 69 victims, 23 witnesses and 10 experts were interviewed.
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