France passed, Friday, September 17, the target of 50 million people who have received at least one dose of vaccine against Covid-19. Since the announcement of the President of the Republic, on July 12, of an extension of the health pass while the campaign was running out of steam, more than 13 million additional people have been vaccinated.
However, the fault lines that cross the country have not disappeared. On the contrary, several of them have been maintained, according to the comparative vaccination index, calculated by the health geographer Emmanuel Vigneron from the latest data from the Health Insurance dated September 17 and relating to the situation as of September 5. This indicator, published for the first time on July 25, makes it possible to assess the advance or delay of a territory compared to national averages, at the fine scale of inter-municipal authorities, independently of the “Age bias” of its inhabitants.
Result: two months later, while, according to the Ministry of Health, still 8.5 million French people remained to be convinced as of September 14, with 86% of those over 12 having received a first dose, the cleavage remains between a France of the North and the Great West well vaccinated, and an under-vaccinated South-East.
In addition to the overseas territories, which are the furthest behind, in metropolitan France, the least vaccinated France extends from the country of Nice to Digne-les-Bains, Gap, Toulon and Marseille, for Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur ( PACA), to the surroundings of Perpignan, Carcassonne and Montauban, further west, in Occitanie, or even in New Aquitaine, in Périgueux and Cahors.
“Holes in the racket”
These territories did not catch up during the summer period, when, conversely, the departments already the most vaccinated strengthened their lead. “Overall, the first are always the first, the last always the last, summarizes Professor Emmanuel Vigneron. It is the sign of a strong territorial dimension of resistance to vaccination, it can also be that of “holes in the racket” of the vaccine device, the two being able to be cumulated. »
Very rural areas or areas far from metropolitan areas, on the outskirts, still remain, here and there, below average, such as the community of Diois (Drôme), or even Couserans, in the west of Ariège. But these are other areas where under-vaccination appears to be the most massive: in many disadvantaged neighborhoods, nearly 50% of the population has not received a single dose of vaccine. A situation that can be found from Seine-Saint-Denis to the south of Val-de-Marne, but also in Vaulx-en-Velin, Vénissieux, Saint-Fons, in the Lyon metropolis, to the northern districts of Marseille . Within 3e, 14e and 15e districts of the Phocaean city, medical desert areas, between 57% and 59% of the inhabitants remain to be vaccinated.
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