(Paris) Almost two-thirds of young people (63%) believe that secularism is in danger today in France, according to a survey published Thursday on the view of 18-30 year olds on the assassination of Samuel a year ago Paty.
Posted on October 14, 2021 at 10:13 a.m.
This figure is down compared to that of November 2020 (70%), in the weeks following the beheading of teacher Paty by an Islamist.
According to the IFOP survey carried out for the magazine Marianne, more than half (57%) of 18 to 30 year olds questioned also believe that the defense of secularism is often instrumentalized by political figures and journalists who want to denigrate Muslims, a figure identical to that of last year.
Asked about their definition of the principle of secularism, young people are divided: for 27% it consists in putting all religions on an equal footing, for 24% in ensuring freedom of conscience, for 23% in separating religion and politics, for 14% to reduce the influence of religions in society, and for 12% none of that.
Among the young people questioned, 73% think that we talk too much about religion and religious questions today (against 78% last year).
However, 62% of them consider it justified for teachers to show their students drawings caricaturing or making fun of religions in order to illustrate freedom of expression.
Asked about the assassination of Samuel Paty, young people are 85% to say that this event shocked them, 78% to affirm that it angered them and 19% that it aroused indifference in them.
More than three quarters (77%) totally condemn the author of the assassination of the history and geography professor in October 2020, 9% condemn him, but share some of his motivations, 5% do not condemn him and 9% stay indifferent.
More than half of the young people questioned (58%) believe that Samuel Paty was right to show caricatures of Muhammad in the name of freedom of expression, while 22% consider that he was wrong because it constituted an unnecessary provocation .
For 62% of them, this decision to show a caricature of the Prophet Muhammad is an initiative that strictly illustrates the concept of freedom of expression, while for 14%, it is an initiative that, behind this objective, is in fact an Islamophobic approach.
This survey was conducted online from September 24 to 30 with a sample of 1,014 people, representative of the French population aged 18 to 30, according to the quota method.