Mankeur Ndiaye without tongue-in-cheek.

Monday, October 18, Mankeur Ndiaye presented the report of the Secretary General of the United Nations in the Central African Republic where he represents him as head of Minusca. In front of the members of the Security Council, the Senegalese diplomat diagnosed the security and humanitarian situation and did not spare the UN missionaries.

In his opinion, by completing the presidential and legislative elections in a complex security context, and by setting up a government on June 23, the Central African Republic has taken a significant step towards institutional stability.

However, he urges the authorities to organize local elections which “in addition to being a democratic meeting for inclusive governance, are the fruit of a major political compromise that underlies the balance of the power-sharing regime. enshrined in the political agreement for peace and reconciliation. ”

Any delay or not holding of these elections would expose the integrity of this agreement to the risk of calling into question the peace process, fears the special representative of the United Nations secretary general in the CAR.

The UN Head of Mission in CAR welcomed the progress made by President Faustin Archange Touadera towards the return of peace. Among these efforts, the declaration of the October 15 ceasefire with the rebel groups constitutes the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC).

Nevertheless, Mankeur Ndiaye draws the attention of the United Nations Council to the continuing security challenges in certain parts of the territory with military operations in response to the actions of CPC member groups.

“Thus, we have witnessed, particularly in the west and the center of the country, the displacement of the population and tensions between the communities. In addition, some armed groups have tried to reconquer their former strongholds in the north-west, center and south-east of the country with the consequences that we know on the civilian populations, the first victims of this violence, including an increase in violence. human rights violence and other breaches of international humanitarian law, ”diagnoses the Senegalese diplomat.

To this end, he encourages “the government to give the conclusions of the special commission of inquiry on human rights violations, set up on May 4, 2021, the resulting judicial follow-up”.

Regarding the humanitarian crisis, he noted: “The number of internally displaced people remains at an unprecedented level since 2014 and 63% of the population, or an estimated 3.1 million people, are in need of protection and support. ’emergency humanitarian assistance. This results in a need for financing the humanitarian response plan, the budget of which is only covered up to 60% if we want to provide vital assistance to 1.84 million people and avoid an erosion of the social fabric that would inevitably harm efforts for peace and stability ”.

“Among our emerging challenges, continues to figure the persistence of violations of the Headquarters Agreement, with 41 violations documented between June 1 and October 1,” said the representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in the Central African Republic. According to Mankeur Ndiaye “this challenge is not insurmountable”.

“For this reason, we have not ceased the dialogue with the Government in order to find definitive solutions, because such violations negatively affect the confidence, partnership and peaceful cohabitation required between the conventional forces, the national authorities and the United Nations. MINUSCA ”, recalls Mankeur Ndiaye.

The head of Minusma also wished to “deplore the resurgence of incidents relating to sexual exploitation and abuse”. Recognizing the impact of such acts on the peacekeeping mission, the United Nations Secretary-General has instituted a zero-tolerance policy to address victim-centered sexual exploitation and abuse. A policy that the Senegalese claims to lead personally at the moment in the Central African Republic.

But he does not count less “on the members of the Security Council and on the countries contributing troops and police personnel to put an end to this scourge by the strict observance of the obligations incumbent on us on both sides”.

Last September, the Gabonese contingent of Minusca was repatriated following allegations of sexual abuse. In 2016, similar cases were noted among Burundian and Moroccan peacekeepers.

This Central African country has been facing a cycle of rebel violence since the coup against François Bozizé in 2013.

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